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Several educational programs exist within public school systems to address the instructional needs of students who do not speak English. Two programs in particular, bilingual education and English immersion, have competed for support from policymakers for adoption in schools. Both of these programs have been influenced significantly by continuing legal and political debates across the United States. This entry discusses bilingual education and related laws and court decisions.

Program Overview

Bilingual education focuses on instruction in two languages, including the student's home language as well as English. Bilingual education provides instruction in students' native languages while simultaneously helping them to achieve English proficiency or bilingual fluency. English immersion programs, on the other hand, zero in on instruction in English. Those who favor bilingual education claim that ...

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