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The legal issue addressed in the 1977 Supreme Court case Abood v. Detroit Board of Education was whether agency shop clauses violate the constitutional rights of government employees, including public school teachers, who do not believe the public sector should be unionized or who disagree with certain activities funded by their union through dues or service charges. The court found that such clauses cannot be used to force members to conform to particular ideologies if they disagree.

Facts of the Case

Agency shop clauses are those sections of collective bargaining agreements between employers and unions that compel employees to pay union dues, even if they are not union members. Agency shop clauses are usually included in collective bargaining agreements, because they help protect against a problem known ...

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