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At issue in Pasadena City Board of Education v. Spangler (1976) was the validity of a court order that would have required a school board to engage in the annual rearrangement of school attendance zones in order to ensure a specified racial mix of students in schools. In Spangler, by finding that it was unnecessary for a board to make such an arrangement, the Court continued its retreat from support for efforts to desegregate schools.

Facts of the Case

Spangler began in 1968, when students and their parents sought to enjoin the alleged unconstitutional segregation of the high schools in Pasadena, California. A federal trial court held that the school board's educational policies violated the Fourteenth Amendment. In addition, the court ordered the board to adopt a ...

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