No Child Left Behind Act

Perhaps the most controversial of all federal education statutes is the No Child Left Behind Act (NCLB). Not long after taking office in 2001, President George W. Bush indicated that he would make the proposed NCLB Act the cornerstone of his administration's educational policy. About a year later, on January 8, 2002, Bush signed the NCLB into law. This entry describes the law's background and contents.


The NCLB was actually enacted as part of the reautho-rization of the Elementary and Secondary Education Act (ESEA), the most expansive federal education statute in history. The ESEA was initially enacted in 1965 during the height of the civil rights movement, and its later re-authorizations made federal funds available to provide support for states based on whether they complied with ...

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