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Long-running litigation involving the Kansas City, Missouri, School District (KCMSD) made its way to the U.S. Supreme Court on three occasions. In 1989, the Court decided that the school board could be responsible for attorney fees. In 1990, the Court affirmed that the federal judiciary could require the board to levy property taxes that were sufficient to fund a desegregation remedy. However, in 1995, the Court decreed that lower federal courts exceeded their discretion in mandating a costly desegregation remedy that required the state to pay for salary increases for almost all school personnel and quality education programs.

The First Round

In 1977, the KCMSD, its school board, and the children of two school board members sued the state, surrounding suburban school systems, and various federal agencies, ...

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