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At issue in Mississippi University for Women v. Hogan (1982) was whether a state-supported nursing program could deny admission to a male applicant based on his sex. The Supreme Court found the school's policy unconstitutional and used its decision to develop the standards that it continues to apply in sex discrimination cases.

Facts of the Case

The Mississippi University for Women (MUW), from its inception in 1884, had limited its enrollment to women. In the early 1970s, MUW started a four-year baccalaureate nursing program with its own faculty and admission process. Joe Hogan, a registered nurse without a baccalaureate degree, applied to the School of Nursing. Even though Hogan was otherwise qualified, officials denied him admission solely due to his sex.

Hogan filed a suit claiming that ...

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