McDaniel v. Barresi

In McDaniel v. Barresi (1971), the U.S. Supreme Court was asked to determine whether a school board that was found to have maintained an unconstitutionally segregated system could implement a desegregation plan by affirmatively redrawing geographic attendance zones for the specific purpose of establishing a greater racial balance in its schools. The primary issue in McDaniel was whether school officials could constitutionally take race into account when assigning elementary school children to specified schools in order to effectuate a desegregation order. The Supreme Court said yes.

Facts of the Case

The school desegregation plan at issue in McDaniel involved reassigning African American students who resided in heavily segregated areas to other school attendance zones, which necessitated that they walk further distances to school or be transported by ...

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