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Hazelwood School District v. United States (1977) involved a dispute over inequitable hiring practices involving African American teachers. In Hazelwood, the U.S. Supreme Court held that in order to determine whether a school board and educational officials engaged in a discriminatory pattern or practice of underemploying African American teachers, the judiciary had to undertake a comparison between the percentage of African American teachers in the district and the percentage of African American teachers in the labor market of the surrounding area.

Facts of the Case

Hazelwood began when the U.S. government filed suit against the Hazelwood School District, in St. Louis County, Missouri, and various educational officials, alleging that they had violated Title VII of the Civil Rights Act of 1964 and the Fourteenth Amendment's dictate that ...

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