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Affirmative Action

  • By: Renee A. Middleton, V. L. Johnson-Coger & A. S. Mu'min
  • In: Encyclopedia of Educational Reform and Dissent
  • Edited by: Thomas C. Hunt, James C. Carper, Thomas J. Lasley II & C. Daniel Raisch
  • Subject:General Education, Policy, Planning & Advocacy

The term affirmative action refers to a social justice effort initiated by the U.S. government and authorized by the 1964 Civil Rights Act. It originated in response to inequalities in hiring practices by civilian businesses with government contracts.

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