Dyslexia is one of several types of learning disabilities that occurs in children who, despite strengths in other academic and cognitive abilities, experience extreme difficulty in learning to decode and spell printed words. This problem at the level of the single word impedes their ability to fluently read and comprehend connected text. Importantly, their reading difficulties do not stem from lack of educational opportunity, sensory acuity deficits, or socioeconomic disadvantage, although educational opportunity and socioeconomic status may interact with dyslexia to either reduce or exacerbate its severity. The International Dyslexia Association defines dyslexia as follows:

A specific learning disability that is neurological in origin. It is characterized by difficulties with accurate and/or fluent word recognition and by poor spelling and decoding abilities. These difficulties typically result ...

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