Time-out from reinforcement, also referred to as timeout (TO), is a procedure in which positive reinforcement is not available for a specified period of time. During TO, the individual does not have access to positive reinforcers that are normally available in the setting. TO is a punishment procedure developed from laboratory animal research that evaluated the impact of temporarily suspending the opportunity to earn food reinforcement (i.e., time-out from reinforcement). Extrapolations of the laboratory procedure have been effective in changing behavior in many applied settings (e.g., classrooms; day care facilities; the home; institutions for children, adolescents, and adults with mental retardation or psychiatric disorders).

TO requires that sources of reinforcement (e.g., attention from the teacher, participation in an activity) are withdrawn for a brief period of ...

  • Loading...
locked icon

Sign in to access this content

Get a 30 day FREE TRIAL

  • Watch videos from a variety of sources bringing classroom topics to life
  • Read modern, diverse business cases
  • Explore hundreds of books and reference titles