Testing is one method for collecting information to inform decision making. It involves eliciting individual responses to a set of structured tasks, often with the intent of obtaining a score that is representative of broader skills and/or knowledge. In most circumstances, test scores are used with information collected through other methods (e.g., record review, interview, observation) when making important decisions. In the following sections, a historical perspective on education testing is provided, as well as information on testing purposes, testing types, test development, and standards for test development and use. A variety of current issues in educational testing are also described.

History of Testing and Education

Although examples of testing likely go back to the very beginning of humankind, some of the earliest accounts of tests ...

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