School Resources

School resources are inputs into the education process, such as staff, buildings, and materials. This entry examines the definition of resources, their allocation and use in schools, and the relationship between resource use and outcomes.

Resources and their Role in Learning

Real resources are the human and physical inputs used in education; monetary resources are the finances used to purchase real resources. A common indicator of national effort in providing education is the proportion of gross domestic product (GDP) spent on schools. In 2002, on average, Organization for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD) countries spent3.8% of GDP on primary, secondary, and postsecondary nontertiary institutions. This ranged from a maximum of5.7% in Iceland to 2.6% in Turkey. There is a tendency for poorer OECD countries to spend a ...

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