Research in educational psychology is often interested in examining the relationship between one or more variables and using this relationship to predict future behavior. Regression is the process of modeling the relationship between variables. In statistical form, regression models can be used to predict the outcome of a particular variable given knowledge of the value of one or more other variables.

Regression can be used to answer questions related to performance on standardized examinations in subject areas such as mathematics, reading, and science. For instance, student performance on a mathematics assessment is likely related to performance in a mathematics-related class such as algebra or geometry. The relationship between these variables can be used to devise a regression equation that allows a prediction to be made. That ...

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