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Psychoanalytic Theory

Psychoanalytic theory began with the work of Sigmund Freud, often considered the founding father of psychology, in the late 19th century. Psychoanalytic theory is broad in scope and offers unique, controversial insights into how the human mind works. Freud's work has been the catalyst for the development of other psychodynamic theories and other theories that developed out of resistance and opposition to psychoanalytic notions. Psychodynamic theories and ideas have permeated our society. This entry (a) provides an overview of psychoanalytic theory, (b) describes the core concepts of its structural model of personality, (c) describes the purported developmental stages associated with psychoanalytic theory, (d) presents a critique of the theory, and (e) provides a brief overview of other theories that have developed out of psychoanalytic theory.

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