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Naturalistic Observation

Naturalistic observation refers to the scientific study of the social interactions of children and adults within their native environments, such as in school or at home, or within artificial situations designed to elicit specific behaviors of interest that occur in native environments, such as child social and problem-solving skills with peers or parents. In educational psychology, the phrase is most commonly used to describe studies in which researchers or practitioners attempt to observe subjects of interest as unobtrusively and impartially as possible. Observation techniques were developed throughout the 20th century but came into prominence with the rise of behavior therapy and behavioral assessment in the 1960s. Naturalistic observation is particularly useful for describing the social, physical, and temporal contexts within which educational activities occur. Observation ...

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