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Metacognition and Learning

Psychologists interested in how individuals learn have devoted much attention to the cognitive processes involved in encoding, storing, and retrieving information of all types, as well as comprehending the complex information with which they are confronted daily. Investigators have examined a variety of cognitive processes, with particular attention to memory and language comprehension. Such investigations have led to an understanding of the factors that lead to enhanced comprehension and recall during learning.

During the past couple of decades, researchers have also gotten keenly interested in metacognition. The term metacognition refers to the knowledge of and monitoring of cognitive processes. Because there is more than one cognitive process involved in learning, it is not surprising that researchers use more specific terms to denote the knowledge of and ...

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