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Individuals with Disabilities Education Act

The Individuals with Disabilities Education Act (IDEA), which is a supersession of the Education of All Handicapped Children Act of 1975 (Public Law [P.L.] 94–142), requires states and their school districts to provide individuals with disabilities a free and appropriate education. This law dictates how states and school districts provide special education and related services to more than 6 million children with disabilities. This entry details the major components of IDEA, a history of IDEA, and a description of key provisions of this legislation.

Major Components of IDEA

The IDEA comprises four parts: A, B, C, and D. Part A of IDEA, General Provisions, details the purpose of the law. Part B, Assistance for Education for All Children with Disabilities, lays out the requirements for a free ...

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