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Inclusion

Inclusion refers to educating students with disabilities together with their nondisabled peers. It is an outgrowth of several strands in education (mainstreaming, the Regular Education Initiative) and disabilities studies (normalization), and is often conceived as a civil rights movement comparable to the elimination of segregation by race.

Definitions

Inclusion can be conceptualized as a philosophical approach to education for children with disabilities, or as a specific set of practices to support participation in general education settings. Recently, the focus of inclusion has shifted from access to quality education. Currently, there is no agreed-upon definition of the term. However, inclusion, sometimes referred to as full inclusion, incorporates a number of principles that help illustrate what is meant by the term, such as (a) shared responsibility among all school ...

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