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Gender

The word gender originally existed as a grammatical category stemming from the Latin word genus and can be translated as “kind” or “sort.” Genders were known as classes of nouns reflected in behavior of associated words. In some languages, gender is central and adjectives and verbs show gender agreement; in other languages, adverbs, numerals, and other parts of speech agree. In some languages, gender is absent. Stemming from linguistics in which gender referred to feminine and masculine forms within language, gender conveyed strong associations about the role of society in distinguishing words coded as male and female.

During the 1960s, feminist scholars extended the cultural constructions of gendered language to adopt the concept of gender to distinguish cultural characteristics associated with masculinity and femininity from biological ...

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