The term 12-step program refers to an organization that offers support to those dealing with an addiction or compulsion using the model first developed by Alcoholics Anonymous (AA). Twelve-step programs are named for the 12 steps of recovery, originally written by the early members of AA. Common elements of 12-step programs include mutual support among those with a specific addiction or compulsion, understanding the addiction or compulsion as an illness, finding strength in reliance upon a power greater than oneself, self-examination, service to others with the same condition, a singleness of purpose, and bottom-up self-governance. While 12-step programs have millions of members, and many professionals refer clients to such programs, questions remain about their effectiveness and universality.

Alcoholics Anonymous

Prior to the formation and dissemination of ...

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