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Thailand

  • By: John H. Barnhill
  • In: Encyclopedia of Drug Policy
  • Edited by: Mark A. R. Kleiman & James E. Hawdon
  • Subject:Public Policy, Drug Crimes

Thailand is a southeast Asian country with a population of 68 million that shares borders with Myanmar (Burma), Cambodia, Laos, and Malaysia. Thailand has struggled for decades to control widespread domestic drug use, but political instability in conjunction with a porous border with Myanmar have led to serious drug problems for Thailand. Located in the drug-ridden Golden Triangle of southeast Asia, Thailand is unable to control regional drug traffic through its borders. It also has an internal abuse problem that was exacerbated by Thailand's hosting of American troops during the Vietnam War. Thailand's problems are so severe that the government's preferred harsh punishments are ineffective.

Border Enforcement

From 1948, neighboring Myanmar experienced an insurrection, and its rebel provinces produced heroin for export as a means of financing ...

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