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Pakistan

Pakistan is located in southern Asia, bordering the Arabian Sea, between India on the east, Iran and Afghanistan on the west, and China in the north. Pakistan, once a major producer of opium products, remains a significant transit area for Afghan heroin, opium, morphine, and hashish bound for Iran, the Gulf States, Africa, Asia, and western markets in Europe and North America. Pakistan also has high rates of money-laundering activities and other financial crimes related to drug trafficking, terrorism, corruption, and smuggling. Although authorities continue to conduct anti-poppy activities, such as forcefully eradicating over 600 hectares of poppy in 2007, opium poppy cultivation remains, especially in the poorly controlled areas adjacent to the border with Afghanistan.

History

From 1956, the government of Pakistan licensed farmers in the ...

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