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Mexico

  • By: Vanessa Freije
  • In: Encyclopedia of Drug Policy
  • Edited by: Mark A. R. Kleiman & James E. Hawdon
  • Subject:Public Policy, Drug Crimes

Mexico is a North American nation located south of the United States and north of Belize and Guatemala. Mexico is a major drug-producing nation, cultivating significant amounts of both opium poppy and marijuana. It is also a major producer of ecstasy and a central transshipment country for U.S.-bound cocaine from South America. In addition, it is a major supplier of heroin to the United States and the leading source of foreign-grown marijuana. Mexico has a history of corruption that facilitated the growth and dominance of drug trafficking organizations (DTOs), although recent administrations have attempted to reform the police and judicial system. Despite these recent efforts, Mexico remains a major producing and supplying nation and a nation with significant money-laundering activities.

Despite its central role in ...

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