Afghanistan has served throughout its history as a vital point for human migration and international trade. As a result of its geographic location bordering China, Iran, Pakistan, Tajikistan, Turkmenistan, and Uzbekistan, Afghanistan has long been the target of potential invasions and conquests by those nations eager to control it. Many of these invasions have been spurred by Afghanistan's numerous natural resources. Afghanistan has rich deposits of gold, silver, zinc, and iron ore in the southeast area of the nation. Petroleum and natural gas are found in the north. A collection of natural riches including uranium, coal, sulfur, and lead exist throughout the rest of the nation. As a result of the Soviet intervention of the 1980s, the subsequent civil war, and conflict with the United ...

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