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International Narcotics Control Board

  • By: Gernot Klantschnig
  • In: Encyclopedia of Drug Policy
  • Edited by: Mark A. R. Kleiman & James E. Hawdon
  • Subject:Public Policy, Drug Crimes

The International Narcotics Control Board (INCB) is a key pillar of the international drug control regime. Since its foundation in 1961, its main role has been to interpret the international drug control conventions and to monitor their implementation in member states. Through its work, the board promotes national drug policies that tend to favor the total prohibition of controlled substances.

The INCB was established by the 1961 Single Convention on Narcotic Drugs, which remains the most universally accepted international drug control treaty. The INCB is the successor to the Permanent Central Opium Board and the Drug Supervisory Body, combining their mandates and functions. The INCB's basic mandate is to oversee the implementation of the major drug control conventions. The conventions' principal aim is to limit the ...

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