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International Drug Agencies

  • By: Shannon McDonough & Mathieu Deflem
  • In: Encyclopedia of Drug Policy
  • Edited by: Mark A. R. Kleiman & James E. Hawdon
  • Subject:Public Policy, Drug Crimes

Since the early 20th century, international drug control has evolved to include many specialized international agencies, including administrative agencies involved in the monitoring of the international drug situation and the formation of international drug policy, law enforcement organizations concerned with drug-related crime control, and informal groups that seek to exert influence on international drug policies. Besides the unilateral involvement of individual nations (especially the United States), both regional organizations (e.g., the European Union, Europol) and international organizations (e.g., the United Nations [UN], Interpol) are part of the international drug control system.

Historical Background

The development of an international drug regime can be traced back to the early 20th century with attempts to control the supply of opium entering China when Britain and China signed a treaty in ...

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