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Inpatient Treatment Programs

  • By: Sarah A. Savage & Paul M. Roman
  • In: Encyclopedia of Drug Policy
  • Edited by: Mark A. R. Kleiman & James E. Hawdon
  • Subject:Public Policy, Drug Crimes

The currently available forms of inpatient treatment for substance abuse disorders can be classified in four distinct categories. First are variations around the themes developed in the Minnesota Model of inpatient care, first introduced nearly 60 years ago. The second type emerged in the following decades when adaptations of two very different models of treatment for drug addiction were blended into what came to be called therapeutic communities for substance abusers. A third “type” is in fact an eclectic mixture of relatively brief inpatient experiences that usually precede a protracted period of outpatient care. Fourth, treatments currently being delivered within prison settings may be classified as a form of inpatient care, a type demonstrating substantial promise that is slowly growing in prevalence.

The relative decline ...

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