Bilingual Education

Bilingual education (BE) is a term used to describe educational settings in which two or more languages are used for language or academic content instruction, where students typically learn in both their primary (L1) and secondary (L2) languages, separately or concurrently. BE has a variety of purposes that differ with respect to program goals, populations served, duration, and language use. Within the U.S. context, BE is sometimes conflated with other programs that serve language-minority youth, such as English as a second language (ESL) instruction, where the purpose is to teach English to students who (a) have primary languages other than English and (b) have yet to become fluent in English and are identified as “English language learners” (ELLs). While ESL instruction is one component within ...

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