Tests are samples of knowledge, skill, or other qualities that are used to make inferences about students or other components of the education system. Basic skills testing entails the use of achievement test scores to make inferences about whether learners have acquired a minimum acceptable level of knowledge and skills through instruction in a given discipline. Basic skills testing has been widely used in primary and secondary education. This entry considers issues related to the test design and scoring for basic skills testing, varied purposes of basic skills testing, and fairness.

Test Design and Scoring

The design of any standardized achievement test ideally begins with an understanding of the purpose or purposes for the test's use. The knowledge that a test will be used to assess basic ...

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