A two-way immersion (TWI) program is one example of a bilingual education program model that aims to develop communicative competence for social and academic (school) settings in two or more languages. TWI programs exemplify an additive and integrated approach to bilingual education. The goal is to add another language to the students' home language(s), not to replace the home language with another language (i.e., the societal dominant language). A unique feature of TWI programs is their enrollment of speakers of the majority (societal, high-status) language and a minority (low-status) language. All students are educated together for most or all of the day and receive content and literacy instruction through both the majority and the minority language. By integrating minority and majority students and by taking ...

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