Special Education and Inclusive Education in Europe

In the past 20 years considerable changes have been made in the way European countries provide services for children with special educational needs. These changes are part of wider efforts to develop more inclusive forms of schooling, focusing specifically on the need to reach out to excluded and marginalized groups of learners. This entry summarizes the nature of these developments in a way that draws attention to differences that exist within and between countries.

The European Context

Moves to promote inclusive schools fit well within the efforts of the European Union to establish common democratic values, while at the same time supporting and promoting respect for existing cultural differences, as stressed in the Treaty of Maastricht, 1993. The notion of Europeans being bound together by their diversity ...

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