Science, Technology, Engineering, and Math (STEM) Majors and Women

The importance of science, technology, engineering, and mathematics (STEM) to the economic and intellectual growth of the United States cannot be overstated. In today's knowledge-driven society, even despite economic downturns, the number of U.S. citizens with education and training in engineering and technology has barely kept up with demand. Government, industry, and educational institutions have seen the need to expand the STEM talent pool if the United States is to compete in the global STEM marketplace. At the same time, women, minorities, and persons with disabilities remain severely underrepresented in college engineering and technology majors and in the STEM workforce. Women are an untapped resource for STEM. This entry discusses the history of women's participation in STEM, theories of women's underrepresentation in STEM, and strategies ...

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