Roma in Europe, Education of

Today, Roma is the most accepted term used to designate a variety of culturally and linguistically diverse subgroups of common Indian origin. They are Europe's largest ethnic minority. In many European countries, Roma children and youth live in poverty and frequently face exclusion and segregation. Roma students are underserved by educational systems, and lack access to health care and to appropriate housing. This entry addresses major barriers encountered by Roma in regard to schooling and highlights measures aiming to improve their difficult situation.


While several Roma subgroups use the self-designated term Roma, many other groups have different designations, such as Arlije, Calé, Gurbet, Kalderaš, Lovara, Manuš, or Sinti. Even though previous external designations such as “Gypsies” or “Cigani” have meanwhile been viewed as pejorative terms, they ...

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