Low-Income Students, Education of

Increasing numbers of students in the United States are living in poverty, and a variety of efforts seek to address their needs. This entry briefly describes the evolution of educational programs for these students and then examines models for increasing educational access, the use of federal funding, and issues related to program appropriateness and effectiveness.


The education of low-income students in the United States has reflected varying philosophies about the needs and appropriate supports for children and adolescents with the stressors associated with poverty. In line with changes in other educational programs for students with special needs (such as dual language learners and students with disabilities), program emphases have shifted from providing and then expanding inputs (such as additional or specialized instruction) to accounting for student ...

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