In education, tests are samples of knowledge, skills, or other qualities that are used to make inferences about students, teachers, schools, or other components of the education system. Aptitude tests are used to make inferences about future performances or potential attainments. This entry considers the use of aptitude tests in education, related controversies, and efforts to improve the concept and measurement of aptitude.

Use of Aptitude Tests

No single definition of aptitude exists. It is commonly understood as a precursor to, propensity for, or predictor of achievement. Yet, commentators throughout history have held varied ideas about bases of aptitude, for example whether or not it can be learned. Psychometricians have differing ideas about whether general intelligence, specific skills, affective qualities, motivation, and environmental characteristics can be considered ...

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