Korea, Multicultural Education in

Multicultural education in Korea uses Korea's founding philosophy, Hong-ik-in-gan, to ensure equality for all people, regardless of an individual's race, ethnicity, gender, class, sexual orientation, age, or ability. Racial and ethnic issues dominate discussions of multicultural issues in Korea. This entry describes demographic changes in Korea, tensions and challenges related to diversity, and the implications of Korean multiculturalism for other nations.

Ethnic and Cultural Diversity in Korea

Hong-ik-in-gan is the philosophy on which Korean society and the Korean educational system are based. Hong-ik-in-gan ideology, which first appears in Korea's founding myth, is currently highlighted because migration into Korea is making it ethnically, racially, and linguistically diverse. Korean multicultural educators examine the meanings of “all people” that are inscribed in both Korea's founding philosophy and the Korean educational ...

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