Intergroup dialogue is a facilitated and sustained educational approach that engages students from diverse backgrounds to explore issues of social identities, inequalities, and social change. This entry provides the background for the importance of active educational engagement with diversity and gives an overview of intergroup dialogue practice, with a particular focus on the critical-dialogic model of intergroup dialogue and on supporting evidence.


The University of Michigan argued in its affirmative action cases that were heard by the U.S. Supreme Court in 2003 (Grutter v. Bollinger and Gratz v. Bollinger) that student diversity has educational benefits for all students. Because of its educational value, or what the courts call compelling state interest, the University of Michigan further argued that the use of race as one of ...

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