The phrase education of indigenous populations refers to the historical legacy and process of colonial education of indigenous peoples with the intended purpose of ensuring their assimilation into dominant societies. This phrase also describes their continued struggle toward educational sovereignty and self-determination. This entry considers several examples of indigenous education across the globe that will help readers link past educational practices and policies of indigenous peoples to their contemporary aims of revitalizing indigenous languages, cultures, and epistemologies.


Indigenous populations throughout the world—although distinct in cultures, languages, and geographies—share similar education experiences as a result of European expansionism and colonization. Broadly defined, the term indigenous refers to the original, native inhabitants of a particular land-base prior to the colonization of European settlement or at the time of ...

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