Inclusion and Inclusive Practices in Special Education

Inclusion, sometimes referred to as inclusive practices, is a way of thinking about the rights of individuals with disabilities and other special needs to be full participants in all aspects of society. In schools, inclusion usually refers to the practice of educating students with disabilities, regardless of level of functioning, with typical peers in general education settings, with the learning and behavior needs of all students addressed in integrated instruction. This entry explains alternative conceptualizations of inclusion, the rationale for inclusion, and issues and concerns related to inclusive practices.

Alternative Conceptualizations of Inclusion

Inclusion is a somewhat elusive concept. It is part of the language of schools, but its meaning has considerable variation across school districts and states.

Inclusion as a Location

Many professionals define inclusion on the ...

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