Human rights were adopted as the underlying principle of international law in the Charter of the United Nations (1945). The United Nations (UN) was established to support international efforts to achieve justice, peace, and freedom in the world through new diplomatic institutions and simultaneously the promotion and protection of human rights. The charter embodies an international effort to codify principles for living together on the basis that all human beings are endowed with inherent dignity and are equally entitled to human rights. Human rights are particularly relevant to considerations of diversity in education since they provide a universally recognized standard that applies irrespective of a person's origin, status, culture, or language.

The recognition in international law of the entitlement to equal rights is not always ...

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