Hmong Americans, Education of

The education of Hmong Americans, although unique in many important respects, is analogous to the education of other Southeast Asian refugees in the United States. Hmong American students are diverse, especially with respect to residence, generational status, bilingual ability, socioeconomic status, and educational attainment. This entry provides an overview of Hmong American students and their educational attainment, describes the research on Hmong American students since the 1980s, and discusses the chronic institutional barriers to Hmong American students' educational success and advancement.

Who and Where Are Hmong American Students?

Hmong American students comprise the first, 1.5, and second generation children of Hmong former refugees from Laos who began migrating to the United States starting in the late 1970s. It is not known whether, or to what extent, the ...

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