Hate Crimes After September 11, 2001

This entry discusses the violence toward individuals and communities presumed to be Muslim following the terrorist attacks on September 11, 2001, on the World Trade Centers in New York City and the attack on the Pentagon. While Muslims have been targets because of the racialization of religion, other communities—such as Sikhs—have been mistakenly targeted.


In the days and weeks following September 11, 2001, many Arab Americans and South Asian Americans faced a “backlash” of verbal and physical assaults and threats, as they were blamed for the terrorist attacks on the United States. Most public officials were quick to emphasize the distinctions between Muslims in the United States and the terrorists who were apparently motivated by violent and extremist political viewpoints related to their interpretations of Islam. ...

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