Understanding the nature of aggression is important in the educational setting because education happens in a social context that provides opportunities for settling conflicts caused by aggression that may in turn disrupt social relationships and educational achievement. This entry first presents a definition of aggression and its manifestation in bullying. The entry then describes the developmental trajectory of aggression and the impact of gender on aggressive behavior across the lifespan.

Aggression Defined

Aggression is broadly defined as behavior that is intended to harm another person. That harm can take a variety of forms: The harm may be either verbal or physical; it may be direct or indirect; it may be active or passive. Verbal aggression involves using words to cause harm to another person, for example by ...

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