The Middle East is a geopolitical label that was given during World War II to the area extending from Morocco in North Africa, through the Levant, to the Persian/Arabian Gulf. It was during this time that the British military founded a “Middle East Command” in this area, distinguishing it from its other colonies located farther East in India. The military and colonial origin of the advent of the Middle East region has caused ongoing academic and political debate about its geographic boundaries, and a continuing controversy concerning the assumptions and prejudices associated with such an origin. While Middle East was the name given to this region by outsiders, most countries in this region defined themselves as Arab countries as they gained political independence from colonial ...

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