The results of education for those within the U.S. correctional system include lower recidivism and greater employment possibilities for inmates after they are released. Providing education for those who are incarcerated is also an important element in responding to the diversity of the U.S. population, especially because African Americans and Hispanics are disproportionately represented in the correctional system. This entry reviews the history of correctional education in the United States, describes the evolution of correctional education, presents an overview of the demographics with respect to those in the criminal justice system, and examines the positive outcomes associated with correctional education programs.

History of Correctional Education

The history of education in U.S. prisons dates back to 1787. Publicly funded education in a correctional facility began when clergyman ...

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