The Equality of Equal Opportunity survey (more commonly known as the Coleman Report after its lead researcher, James S. Coleman) was a study authorized by the Civil Rights Act of 1964. Released in 1966, the Coleman Report attempted to measure educational opportunities for students, especially African Americans, on the basis of the quality of the schools they were attending as well as other factors such as the racial, ethnic, and social class backgrounds of their classmates. It resulted in a 700-page report involving test and questionnaire data from 150,000 students in Grades 1, 3, 6, 9, and 12. This seminal report was widely quoted regarding factors that affected student achievement. One principle that guided the report was that equal educational opportunity could not be measured ...

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