In the 1980s, the expression information technology (IT) appeared in the MIS field in competition with two previous terms, management information system (MIS) and information system (IS). The success of the new IT concept is related to spectacular progress realized in the networks, machines, and person–machine interface domains—progress that redefined the new potential of information systems of any kind. With the dramatic development of communications networks since the 1980s (local and wide area networks, digitalization of old telephone company networks, digital cellular phone networks and deployment of the Internet, networks of networks), which was accompanied by massive deployment of optical fiber, new wireless capabilities, and the availability of a shared network protocol (TCP/IP, the Internet protocol), it has become apparent that information technology is really ...

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