The concepts of hypertext and hypermedia were conceived in a visionary paper by Vannevar Bush in 1945. Hypermedia is a collection of multimedia objects such as text, graphics, audio, video, animations, and simulations connected through associative links based on context. Hypermedia provides a paradigm for accessing information in nonlinear fashion.

Over the last several decades, the development of hypermedia was focused on creating links between media objects based on their relationships. In the early 1980s, Apple Computer introduced HyperCard software, which created cards that were linked nonlinearly to explore a subject matter. These cards contained various media elements such as audio and graphics. The linking was primarily done using a scripting language called HyperScript. Standard Generalized Markup Language (SGML), a standardized method of connecting documents, was ...

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