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Curriculum Models

The typology of inter/trans/multi/pluri-disciplinary derives from the first international conference on interdisciplinarity in higher education, held in Europe in 1970. The term pluri, which is used less frequently than the other three prefixes, means the juxtaposition of disciplines that are more or less related, such as mathematics and physics. Multidisciplinary models juxtapose separate disciplinary or professional perspectives, adding breadth but aligning them in encyclopedic fashion. Interdisciplinary models integrate separate perspectives, data, methods, tools, concepts, or theories in order to create a holistic view or to answer a question or solve a problem that is too complex for a mono-disciplinary approach. Transdisciplinary models are comprehensive frameworks that transcend the narrow scope of disciplinary world-views. The term is also used for collaborative research among multiple sectors of ...

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